Anxiety, Anger, and Adrenaline

All living creatures survive and flourish by avoiding threats and gravitating towards rewards. Humans have language and consciousness, which creates some problems with this avoidance response. Thoughts create that same chemical reaction as a physical threat and we can’t escape our thoughts. Emotional pain is processed in a similar manner … Read More

Four Steps in the Evolution of Chronic Pain

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There are four primary steps in the evolution of chronic pain: (1) There is a potential source for pain, which may or may not be readily identifiable Structural–identifiable lesion with MATCHING symptoms Non-structural–inflammation or irritation of the soft tissues, which cannot be seen on a test Neurophysiological Disorder (NPD)–the nervous system … Read More